Are you a proud pitbull lover or perhaps a dog enthusiast seeking to expand your knowledge about these incredible canines?
Look no further, as we have compiled a comprehensive “Pitbull Dictionary” for you! This article aims to define the top terms and glossary that every pitbull lover and dog aficionado should know.
From understanding the unique characteristics of the American PitBull Terrier (APBT) to exploring the history and origins of practices such as bear baiting, we’ve got you covered.
So, grab a comfy seat and join us on this educational journey as we unveil the fascinating world of pitbulls and their related terms.
Now, let’s dive into the Pitbull Dictionary and learn more about these incredible dogs and their associated lingo. Happy reading!
Pitbull Glossary and Terms:
Abuse: Abuse refers to the cruel and inhumane treatment of animals, including pit bulls, causing them physical or mental harm. Animal abuse can take various forms, such as neglect, intentional harm, or exploitation in dogfighting. It is crucial to recognize and report abuse to protect pit bulls and other animals from suffering.
Agility: A dog sport that involves running an obstacle course, testing a dog’s speed, accuracy, and obedience.
Albino: An albino pitbull is a rare genetic variation of the breed, characterized by a complete lack of pigmentation, resulting in a white coat, pinkish skin, and light-colored eyes.
American PitBull Terrier ( APBT ): The American PitBull Terrier (APBT) is a purebred dog breed recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC) and the American Dog Breeders Association (ADBA). Known for their strength, loyalty, and intelligence, APBTs were originally bred for activities like bull-baiting and dog fighting, but have since become popular as family pets and service dogs.
American Staffordshire Terrier ( AST ): Also known as AmStaff, this breed is closely related to the American Pit Bull Terrier, with a stocky and muscular build. They are intelligent, loyal, and friendly dogs, making them great family pets. The American Staffordshire Terrier is recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC).
APBR Kennel Certification: APBR Kennel Certification is a recognition provided by the American Pit Bull Registry that ensures the kennel meets specific standards for ethical breeding and care of American Pit Bull Terriers.
APBR PitBull Classifieds: The go-to platform for connecting Pitbull enthusiasts, breeders, and potential adopters. Find American Pitbull Terriers and other Pitbull breeds available for sale, adoption, or stud services.
Bait dog: A dog that is used as a live practice target for dog fighting.
Bear Baiting: Bear Baiting is a cruel and inhumane blood sport that involved tethering a bear to a post and setting dogs, often including American Pit Bull Terriers, to attack it. This brutal activity was popular in the 16th to early 19th centuries but is now illegal in most countries.
Black: A deep, dark hue often seen in the coat of some PitBull breeds, creating a sleek and striking appearance.
Black and Tan: Black and Tan is a color pattern commonly found in various dog breeds, including Pitbulls. It refers to a coat featuring a primarily black base with tan markings around the face, chest, and legs. This striking color combination is highly sought after by dog enthusiasts and breeders alike.
Bloodline: A specific lineage or genealogy of a dog, tracing its ancestry and characteristics. Bloodlines are essential for PitBull breeders to maintain desired traits and improve the breed.
Blue: The term “Blue” refers to a unique coat color in American Pit Bull Terriers and other dog breeds, characterized by a silver-blue or grayish hue. This coat color is the result of a recessive gene that dilutes the black pigment, giving it a bluish tint. Blue-coated Pit Bulls are highly sought after by enthusiasts for their striking appearance, but it’s essential to remember that coat color should never be more important than a dog’s health, temperament, or breed standard.
Breed Specific Legislation ( BSL ): Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) refers to laws that target specific dog breeds, often imposing restrictions or bans on owning them. These laws are typically based on the belief that certain breeds, like the American Pit Bull Terrier, are more dangerous than others. However, many experts argue that such legislation is ineffective and unfairly targets responsible pet owners and well-behaved dogs.
Brindle: Brindle refers to a unique coat pattern in dogs, characterized by a mixture of dark and light fur, creating a striped or marbled appearance. This pattern is quite common in American Pit Bull Terriers, adding to their distinctive look.
Brucellosis: Brucellosis is a bacterial infection caused by Brucella species that can affect both humans and animals, including dogs like the American Pitbull Terrier. This disease can cause severe reproductive issues, such as miscarriage or infertility, and can also lead to arthritis, fever, and other complications. It is essential for dog owners to be aware of this infection and take preventative measures, such as regular veterinary checkups and vaccinations, to protect their pets.
Buckskin: A unique coat color in pit bulls, characterized by a golden-yellow or light tan hue, often accompanied by a black mask and/or white markings.
Bull Baiting: Bull Baiting is an ancient bloodsport in which dogs, often pit bulls or bulldogs, were trained to attack and torment a tethered bull for spectators’ entertainment. This cruel and inhumane practice has been outlawed in most countries, but it played a significant role in the early history of the American Pit Bull Terrier breed.
Bully breed: A term used to describe a group of breeds that are often associated with pit bulls, including American Bulldogs and Staffordshire Bull Terriers.
Canine Good Citizen (CGC): A program that tests a dog’s behavior and obedience, with the goal of promoting responsible dog ownership.
Chaining: The practice of keeping a dog tied up outside, usually for long periods of time.
Chocolate: Chocolate refers to a coat color in Pitbulls, characterized by a rich, deep brown hue. This color is relatively rare and highly sought after by enthusiasts and breeders.
Coccidia: Coccidia are single-celled parasites that can infect a dog’s intestines, causing coccidiosis, a potentially serious gastrointestinal disorder. Symptoms include diarrhea, vomiting, and loss of appetite. Treatment usually involves anti-parasitic medications and supportive care.
Crate training: A method of training a dog to feel comfortable and safe in a crate, which can be used for transportation or as a safe space for the dog.
Dog fighting: A cruel and illegal practice in which dogs are pitted against each other for entertainment and gambling purposes.
Distemper: Distemper is a highly contagious viral disease that affects dogs, especially puppies. It attacks the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and nervous systems, leading to symptoms such as coughing, vomiting, diarrhea, and seizures. Vaccination is essential in preventing this deadly disease.
Euthanasia: Euthanasia refers to the practice of intentionally ending a life to alleviate pain and suffering. In the context of PitBulls, it may be the difficult decision made by an owner or veterinarian to humanely end a dog’s life, often due to severe health issues or a poor quality of life.
Family: Pit Bull Terrier
Family Profile: The PitBull Family consists of various breeds with a shared ancestry, known for their strength, loyalty, and intelligence. Dive into this PitBull Dictionary to learn more!
Fawn: A light tan or beige color commonly seen in the coat of many dog breeds, including the American Pit Bull Terrier.
Foster-based rescue: A type of animal rescue organization that places animals in temporary foster homes rather than in a shelter or kennel.
Foster Care: Foster Care is a temporary living arrangement for dogs, including pit bulls, where they are cared for by a volunteer foster family until they find a permanent home.
Gameness: A term used to describe a pit bull’s willingness to fight, often considered a desirable trait in dog fighting circles.
Genealogy: Genealogy refers to the study and tracing of a dog’s family lineage and ancestry, which is crucial for understanding the breed’s history, genetic traits, and potential health issues. For Pitbulls, understanding their genealogy helps to preserve breed standards and maintain healthy bloodlines.
Family Profile Disc: The Family Profile Disc is a reference tool used by pitbull lovers and dog enthusiasts to understand and analyze the genetic and physical characteristics of a specific dog breed, particularly the American Pitbull Terrier (APBT). This disc contains vital information about the breed’s history, temperament, and physical traits, helping potential dog owners make an informed decision when choosing a pitbull as a family pet.
Genetic Testing: Genetic testing refers to the process of analyzing a dog’s DNA to identify specific genes, traits, or potential health risks. This can be particularly important for pitbull owners, as it can help ensure the health and well-being of their beloved pets by detecting any hereditary conditions or predispositions early on.
Heartworm: A serious and potentially fatal parasitic disease in dogs, including pit bulls, caused by worms (Dirofilaria immitis) that live in the heart and blood vessels of the lungs. It is transmitted through mosquito bites and can lead to heart failure, lung damage, and death if left untreated. Preventative medications are highly recommended for pit bull owners.
Hip Dysplasia: is a common genetic disorder in dogs, particularly in large breeds like the American Pit Bull Terrier (APBT). It occurs when the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to arthritis and pain. Early detection and treatment can help manage the condition and improve a dog’s quality of life.
Hookworm: A parasitic worm that lives in the small intestine of its host, often dogs, and feeds on blood. Hookworms can cause anemia, weight loss, and other health issues in dogs. Preventative treatments and regular vet checkups are essential to keep your pitbull healthy and hookworm-free.
In-breeding: In-breeding is a practice of mating closely related dogs, such as siblings or parent-offspring, to maintain or enhance specific traits. This can sometimes lead to health issues and genetic abnormalities due to the lack of genetic diversity.
Kennel: A facility where dogs are housed and bred.
Lacistic: a genetic condition in which an animal has reduced pigmentation, resulting in a lighter coat color than the standard for their breed. In PitBulls, this can lead to a stunning all-white or predominantly white coat, often with blue eyes.
Line Breeding: Line Breeding is a breeding technique in which closely related dogs, such as grandparents and their offspring or siblings, are bred together to strengthen specific desired traits and genetic qualities within the bloodline.
Mange: Mange is a skin condition caused by mites that can affect dogs, including PitBulls. Symptoms include hair loss, itching, and skin inflammation. Treatment options may include medicated shampoos, oral medications, or injections to help alleviate the symptoms.
Merle: Merle is a genetic pattern in a dog’s coat that leads to a unique and visually appealing blend of colors. This pattern is characterized by patches of diluted pigment, resulting in a marbled or speckled appearance. However, it is essential to note that the merle gene is not naturally found in American Pit Bull Terriers and is considered a fault in the breed.
Merle Research Study: Exploring the Genetic Background and Health Implications of Merle Patterns in Pitbulls
Microchip: A small electronic device that is implanted under a dog’s skin and can be used to identify the dog if it is lost or stolen.
Moo-Moo Pattern: A unique coat pattern in Pitbulls where the fur is predominantly white with irregular black spots, resembling a cow’s coat.
Neglect: Neglect is the act of failing to provide proper care, attention, and support to a dog, leading to physical or emotional harm. This can include lack of food
Neutering: The surgical removal of a male dog’s testicles, usually done to prevent unwanted breeding and reduce aggression.
No-Kill Shelter: A No-Kill Shelter is a type of animal shelter that commits to saving the lives of healthy and treatable animals, avoiding euthanasia as much as possible. They focus on rescuing, rehabilitating, and finding permanent homes for these animals.
Old Family Red Nose: The Old Family Red Nose (OFRN) is a specific bloodline of American Pitbull Terriers, known for their unique reddish-orange coat color and copper-red nose. This lineage originated in Ireland and was brought to the United States in the 19th century. The OFRN is not a separate breed, but rather a distinct and highly respected bloodline within the APBT community.
Papers: The term “papers” refers to the official documentation, such as registration certificates and pedigree records, that prove a dog’s breed lineage and ownership. For American PitBull Terriers (APBT) and other breeds, having proper papers is essential for breeders and owners who wish to participate in dog shows, competitions, or breeding programs. Papers help ensure the integrity of the breed and provide essential information about a dog’s ancestry, health, and genetics.
Parvo: Parvo, short for Canine Parvovirus, is a highly contagious viral illness that affects dogs, particularly puppies. It can cause severe gastrointestinal symptoms and, if left untreated, can be fatal. Vaccination and proper hygiene can help prevent the spread of Parvo.
Pedigree: A documented record of a dog’s lineage, showcasing its ancestry and breed-related traits, crucial for breeders and enthusiasts.
PitBull Advocacy: PitBull Advocacy refers to the efforts made by individuals and organizations to promote the positive image of PitBull breeds, debunk myths and stereotypes, and educate people on responsible dog ownership, training, and handling. These advocates aim to reduce breed-specific legislation and encourage fair treatment for all dog breeds.
PitBull Friendly Organization: a group or establishment that supports and promotes the well-being of PitBulls, advocates for responsible ownership, and works to dispel misconceptions about the breed.
Pit bull type: A term used to describe dogs that resemble pit bulls but may not be purebred or have a known lineage.
Rabies: Rabies is a viral disease that affects the nervous system of mammals, including humans, and is transmitted through the saliva of infected animals. Symptoms include fever, aggression, and excessive salivation. Vaccination is essential for all dogs, including Pitbulls, to prevent the spread of this fatal disease.
Ratting: Ratting is a historical sport where dogs were placed in a pit with rats, and the dog that killed the most rats in the shortest time was declared the winner. This brutal sport was popular in the 18th and 19th centuries, particularly in England. Today, ratting is illegal and inhumane, and responsible dog owners do not condone or participate in such activities.
Red: Red is a common color found in the coats of American PitBull Terriers, often associated with a rich, deep hue that can range from a fiery orange to a dark, almost chocolate shade. This coloration is caused by the presence of certain pigments in the dog’s fur, which can be inherited from their parents. Besides being visually striking, the red coat does not indicate any difference in temperament or health compared to other color variations in the breed.
Red Nose: Red Nose refers to a specific lineage of American Pit Bull Terriers known for their red-colored coat, red nose, and red lips. This unique coloration is due to a recessive gene inherited from their Irish Old Family Red Nose ancestors. Red Nose Pit Bulls are often admired for their striking appearance, but they possess the same temperament and characteristics as other American Pit Bull Terriers.
Registration: the process of officially recording and recognizing a dog’s pedigree, breed, and ownership details.
Rescue: A term used to describe the process of saving a dog, often from shelters or abusive situations, and finding them a new, loving home. Rescue organizations are dedicated to rehabilitating, caring for, and ultimately rehoming dogs in need.
Responsible Ownership: Responsible Ownership refers to the commitment and care a pet owner must provide to ensure their pitbull’s physical, mental, and social well-being. This includes proper training, socialization, nutrition, exercise, and healthcare.
Roundworm: Roundworm: Parasitic worms that can infect dogs, including pit bulls, and cause health issues such as weight loss, diarrhea, and vomiting. Regular deworming and proper hygiene can help prevent roundworm infections.
Service and Therapy Work: Service and Therapy Work refers to the assistance provided by specially trained dogs, such as Pitbulls, to help individuals with physical, emotional, or mental disabilities. These dogs undergo rigorous training to perform specific tasks, offer emotional support, and improve the quality of life for their handlers.
Socialization: The process of exposing a dog to different people, animals, and environments in order to teach it how to behave appropriately and confidently.
Tapeworm: Tapeworm: A type of parasitic worm that can infect dogs, including pitbulls, by ingestion of infected fleas or consuming raw or undercooked meat. Symptoms include weight loss, increased appetite, and visible segments of the worm in the dog’s stool. Treatment involves appropriate deworming medication prescribed by a veterinarian.
Temperament testing: A series of tests used to evaluate a dog’s behavior and temperament, often used to determine if a dog is suitable for adoption or certain types of work.
Ticing: Ticing is a term used to describe the unique markings on a Pit Bull’s coat, often consisting of small spots or patches of a different color, usually white, on their predominantly solid-colored fur.
Tick Borne Illness: Tick Borne Illness refers to a variety of diseases transmitted to dogs, humans, and other animals by ticks. Common examples include Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and Ehrlichiosis. These illnesses can cause severe symptoms and may require medical intervention, making tick prevention and prompt removal crucial for pitbulls and other dogs.
Tiger Stripe: Tiger Stripe is a term used to describe the unique striped coat pattern on some PitBull breeds. These stripes often resemble the markings of a tiger, and can vary in color and intensity. This beautiful coat pattern is highly sought after by PitBull enthusiasts.
Tri-Color: a unique color pattern in Pitbulls, featuring three distinct colors on their coat. Common tri-color combinations include black, white, and brown, or blue, white, and tan.
Vaccinations: Essential preventative healthcare measures for your PitBull, including shots for rabies, distemper, parvovirus, and other common canine diseases.
Weight pulling: A dog sport in which dogs pull a sled or weight a short distance in a set amount of time.
Whipworm: Whipworm, also known as Trichuris vulpis, is a parasitic worm that resides in a dog’s intestines, particularly in the cecum. Dogs can become infected by ingesting whipworm eggs from soil, water, or contaminated surfaces. Symptoms of whipworm infection include diarrhea, weight loss, and anemia. Whipworms can be treated with deworming medications prescribed by a veterinarian.
White: White is a common color found in the coat of American PitBull Terriers (APBTs). This color can appear as solid white or in combination with other colors, such as patches or spots. A white PitBull is just as healthy and loving as any other PitBull, and the color of their coat does not affect their temperament or personality.
Working Breed: Working Breed: A category of dog breeds specifically bred for performing various tasks, such as herding, guarding, and rescue work. Pitbulls, particularly American Pitbull Terriers, are a part of this category and are known for their strength, intelligence, and loyalty.
This PitBull Dictionary has provided you with essential terms and information to better understand and appreciate these incredible dogs. As a PitBull lover or dog enthusiast, you now have the tools to engage in conversations and make informed decisions about these wonderful companions. So, go ahead and share your newfound knowledge with fellow dog lovers, and let’s work together to create a more educated and compassionate world for our beloved PitBulls.
Ryan is a service dog puppy raiser/trainer and founder of The Pit Bull Center, a dedicated Pitbull blog that has been visited by tens of millions of people since its inception.